The present has an impact on how people learn. The conditions one is in, be it physical conditions or social ones, affect how a person understands. Thus, learning is relative to the learner. With this thought in mind, there are those who tried to explain the different approaches to learning. One educational philosophy is progressivism. Progressivism’s key thought is a person learns by doing. It is made famous by William Kilpatrick.
Progressivists or the people who believe in the educational philosophy of progressivism think that students learn best with activities done with other people. They believe that humans are social animals. Thus, teachers should not only provide reading and drills. They should also provide real-world opportunities. Activities and experiences should center on reality.
Progressivism follows the scientific method approach. Recognition of the problem’s existence is the first step. Before anything starts, awareness about the problem should be covered. After that, defining the problem and proposing hypotheses are done. Once the hypotheses are given, testing of the hypotheses’ consequences is performed. Lastly, testing the most probable solution is carried out.
As much as the educational philosophy of progressivism believes in the reality-based approach, it still recognizes that though a person learns by doing, doing it once may be not enough. As teachers, continuous giving of real experiences and opportunities should be carried out. It may get tiring for the teachers but practice indeed makes perfect according to this approach.
There are many other approaches to students. Learning is a multifaceted concept and it is individualized. It is relative to the person studying and not absolute to a particular approach only. Combing a particular educational philosophy with another is commonly applied for instructional means. By not putting a person inside a box, more opportunities for learning are available hence making learning more effective.